Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae

Subfamily: Asphodeloideae

Genus: Gasteria

Closely Related Plants: Aloe, Haworthia, Kniphofia, Poellnitzia and Astroloba

No of Species: 26 (38 including sub-species and varieties)

Native to: South Africa (one species also in Namibia and another also in Swaziland).

Gasteria are named for the stomach-like flowers. A genus of slow growing, drought resistant, shade tolerant plants, first described as a genus by Duval in 1809. Grown primarily for their architectural leaves but the stomach-shaped flowers which are mainly hues of red/orange, often with yellow or green tips, are quite attractive in their own right.

Here is a checklist of currently accepted species, sub-species and varieties [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]:

Section Gasteria Duval (10 species)

Series Gasteria Duval

Gasteria baylissiana

Gasteria bicolor var. bicolor

Gasteria bicolor var. fallax

Gasteria bicolor var. liliputana

Gasteria brachyphylla var. brachyphylla

Gasteria brachyphylla var. bayeri

Gasteria disticha var. disticha

Gasteria disticha var. langebergensis

Gasteria disticha var. robusta

Gasteria doreeniae

Gasteria glomerata

Gasteria koenii [5]

Gasteria rawlinsonii

Gasteria retusa

Series Namaquana Van Jaarsv.

Gasteria pillansii var. pillansii

Gasteria pillansii var. ernesti-ruschii

Gasteria pillansii var. hallii






Section Longiflorae Haw. (16 species)

Series Longifoliae (Haw.) Van Jaarsv.

Gasteria acinacifolia

Gasteria barbae [2]

Gasteria batesiana var. batesiana

Gasteria batesiana var. dolomitica

Gasteria croucheri subsp. croucheri

Gasteria croucheri subsp. pendulifolia

Gasteria croucheri subsp. pondoensis [3]

Gasteria loedolffiae [4]

Gasteria tukhelensis

Series Multifariae (Haw.) Van Jaarsv.

Gasteria armstrongii

Gasteria carinata var. carinata

Gasteria carinata var. glabra

Gasteria carinata var. verrucosa

Gasteria ellaphieae

Gasteria excelsa

Gasteria glauca

Gasteria nitida

Gasteria polita

Gasteria pulchra

Gasteria thunbergii

Gasteria vlokii


1. E.J. van Jaarsveld, The genus Gasteria: a synoptic review (new taxa and combinations), Aloe 2007, 44 (4), pp81-104

2. E. J. van Jaarsveld, Gasteria barbae, a new cliff-dwelling species from the Western Cape, South Africa, CactusWorld 2014, 32 (4), pp257-260

3. N.R. Crouch, G.F. Smith and D.G.A. Styles, Gasteria croucheri subsp. pondoensis, a new cremophyte from Pondoland, South Africa, Bothalia 2011, 41, pp183-185

4. E. J. van Jaarsveld, Gasteria loedolffiae (Asphodelaceae). A new cliff-dwelling species from the Eastern Cape, South Africa, Bradleya 2014, 32, pp44-49

5. E. J. van Jaarsveld, Gasteria koenii, a new gasteria species from the Swartberg, Western Cape, South Africa, Haseltonia 2017, 23, pp48-52